Reservation For Sc St & Obc In Employment - Know About Quota System



What is Reservation in India?

Reservation in India is the process of setting aside a certain percentage of seats (vacancies) in government institutions for members of backward
               and under-represented communities (defined primarily by caste and tribe).

Reservation is a form of quota-based affirmative action. Reservation is governed by constitutional laws, statutory laws, and local rules and regulations.

 Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) ( and in some states Backward Classes among Muslims under a category called BC(M) )are the primary beneficiaries of the reservation policies under the Constitution – with the object of ensuring a level playing field.

Need of reservation:

The Indian Constitution has a law for the same and according to this; reservation has been made to bring underprivileged classes at par with privileged or general ones. There are numerous reservations like reservation for women, reservation for physically challenged, reservation for economically backward class, reservation for Scheduled Castes etc.

Though, reservation system is an evident discrimination, but it had been started with a very good objective of uplifting the socially backward society to give them equality of opportunities. But with time its meaning and the way it has been taken by the people has left many of us to believe that it has stopped delivering for what it was made.

People have started misusing it. There are many examples of people making false documents just to get a seat in a college or a job. This leaves the more eligible candidate to give their seat to a person belonging to a reserve category.

Reservation For Sc St & Obc:

We provide you a table which helps you to get the details regarding reservation as on 1.1.2011
For OBC:
Groups
Number of OBCs
Percentage of OBCs
A
5357
6.9
B
13,897
7.3
C
3,46,433
15.3
(erstwhile) D
81,468
17.0

For SC, ST, OBC:

Group
SCs
STs
OBCs
Number
%
Number
%
Number
%
A
8922
11.5
3732
4.8
5357
6.9
B
28403
14.9
11357
6.0
13897
7.3
C
370557
16.4
174562
7.7
346433
15.3
(erstwhile) D
110515
23.0
32791
6.8
81468
17.0

Category
Backlog-vacancies
Filled-up
SCs
24779
16693
STs
30010
15813
OBCs
22886
12950

Rosters

Reservation is made depending on number of posts in a cadre, not on vacancies. Post based rosters are prepared and number of points in this roster will be equal to number of posts in the cadre. Whenever there is direct recruitment element in any cadre there will be two separate rosters one for direct recruitment posts and another for promotion posts.


The rosters will have no use after required percentage of reservation has been fulfilled. Thereafter each vacancy arise by promotion, retirement etc. will have to be filled up by the employee of the same community. This ensures quota reserved for a community is filled in by the candidate of same community. For single post cadre reservation will not apply.

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